Tenses (Present Perfect Continuous Tense)

TENSES
Present Perfect Continous Tense

Verbal :
a. Pola Kalimat
   (+) S + have/has + been + verb-ing + O.
   (-) S + have/has + not + been + verb-ing + O.
   (?) Have/Has + S + been + verb-ing + O ?
Contoh dalam kalimat :
(+) She has been learning English for 4 years.
(-) She has not been learning English for 4 years.
(?) Has she been learning English for 4 years ? Yes, she has. / No, she has not.
b. Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang telah dimulai dilakukan pada waktu lampau dan masih berlangsung sampai sekarang.
c. Keterangan waktu (Adverbial of Time)
  • For : Selama
  • Since : Sejak
  • Never : Tidak pernah
Nominal Sentences :
Pola :
(+) S + have/has + been (being) + complement.
(-) S + have/has + not + been (being) + complement.
(?) Have/Has + S + been (being) + complement ?
Contoh :
She has been (being) a teacher for a year.
d. Menggunakan kata tanya.
     1. Untuk menanyakan subject.
           Q.W. + has been + verb-ing + O ?
     2. Untuk menanyakan selain subject.
           Q.W. + have/has + S + been + verb-ing ?
Contoh :
                  They have been doing his work for two hours.
                     a                                 b                     c
a. Who has been doing his work for two hours ?
b. Whose work have they been doing for two hours ?
c. How long have they been doing his work ?

Book : The Understanding Grammar
Written by : Agus Daman Huri

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