Tenses (Past Perfect Tense)

TENSES
Past Perfect Tense
Verbal :
a.       Pola Kalimat
(+) S + had + verb III + O.
(-) S + had + not + verb III + O.
(?) Had + S + verb III + O ?
b.      Contoh :
(+) He had forgotten his keys.
(-) He had not forgotten his keys.
(?) Had he forgotten his keys ?
            Yes, he had.
            No, he had not.
c.       Digunakan untuk menyatakan waktu perbuatan yang telah selesai dikerjakan ketika peristiwa lain terjadi di waktu lampau.
e.g.      : When I reached the station, the train had left two weeks ago.
d.      Keterangan waktu
          After         : sesudah
          As soon as : segera setelah
          Until / till   : hingga
          Before       : sebelum
          When         : ketika
Nominal Sentence :
Pola :
(+) S + had + been + complement.
(-) S + had + not + been + complement.
(?) Had + S + been + complement ?
Contoh :
She had been in Bali in 2004.
e.       Menggunakan kata tanya.
1.      Untuk menanyakan subject.
Q.W. + had + verb III + O ?
            2.   Untuk menanyakan selain subject.

                        Q.W. + had + S + verb III ?

Book : The Understanding Grammar
Written by : Agus Daman Huri

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